Ayurveda is the oldest branch of medicine which has originated in the Indian subcontinent. The Ayurveda Body care induces self-healing through the purgation of toxins of the body and the administration of herbal oils and medicines along with proper diet and exercise.
The Ayurveda Body care consists of several treatments such as:
- Purvakarma: It is a pre-purification measure preceding the Panchakarma to prepare the body for the Panchakarma treatment. It involves a combination of Snehanam and Swedhanam.
1) Snehanam: It involves both external and internal oleation. The Abhyanga oil massage is done for external Snehanam. In it, the body is massaged with various Ayurvedic oils that promote the movement of toxins towards the gastrointestinal tract. Internal Snehanam is done through the oral intake of Ayurvedic medicated ghee. Snehanam is done for 3-7 days.
2) Swedana: Swedana (sweating) is done daily for a period of 3 to 7 days following the Snehana-Abhyanga process. In it, the body is made to sweat for the liquefaction of the toxins by using herbal decoction infused steam. These toxins are then released through the gastrointestinal tract.
- Panchakarma: Panchakarma is a Sanskrit term meaning five actions. It follows five steps for removing the vitiated doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha). The Panchakarma comprises five therapies namely Vamana, Virechana, Vasti, Raktamokshana, and Nasya.
It is the first step of Panchakarma involving emesis therapy. It is an Ayurvedic process of therapeutic vomiting which eliminates excess Kapha or mucus.
It is the purgation therapy for the removal of excess Pitta from the body; this also involves oleation, fomentation, and emesis followed by a medicated steam bath every day for three days along with a light diet.
3) Vasti or Basti:
The Sanskrit term ‘Basti’ means a pouch or bag. It involves the introduction of Ayurvedic liquid made of oils or decoctions through anus to cleanse the lower part of the body and vitiated vata dosha. A type of Basti called Uttara basti is application of herbal liquid through vagina in women to cleanse the lower part of the body.
The term Raktamokshana means to let out the blood. It is a purification process helping in the neutralization of the accumulated pitta in the blood. Its done only in very specific conditions and not mandatory while doing a Panchakarma.
It is a procedure of cleaning the accumulated Kapha from the head and neck region by administering oils through nostrils after massaging the face, head, and chest with herbal oil.
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