There are different types of machining options offered through different contract services and machine shops. Typically, a 5 axis CNC machining center will only be found in a large machining shop with a focus on precision, high volume types of work as well as precision prototyping services.
This is a more advanced version of the more commonly found 3 axis CNC machining equipment. Both the 3 and 5 axis systems have three lineal axes for the cutting tool to travel, but the 5 axis machine has two rotary axes. This additional feature allows for the cutting tools and the head to be moved closer to the workpiece. With this feature, shorter cutting tools can be incorporated into the system, resulting in less chatter and vibration while also adding greater durability for the cutting tools.
Single Equipment Requirement
The most common advantage or benefit to using a 5 axis CNC machining center is the speed of processing of the workpiece. With 5 axes available, complex shapes can be developed on a single piece of equipment with one setup. This prevents the need to move the workpiece between equipment or to run more than one pass to create the desired shape.
Additionally, with the additional two axes dimensions possible, much more complex shapes can be achieved. This makes a 5 axis CNC machining center a viable option as compared to creating parts through multiple machining systems or by casting the part.
With a single machining center producing the part, there is less time in programming and writing multiple programs for different equipment. While this is a major advantage of the CNC machining service, it is also an advantage to the OEM as this means faster turnaround time for new orders combined with less cost for the setup.
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